The router plane is used to refine cuts which are either made by chisels, saws or machines. In use, the blade cuts in a similar way to a chisel but the blade is fixed within a wooden or metal body and has an adjustment mechanism making this a true plane.
A router is used to accurately level out recesses, such as those made for housing hinges or joints. It can help to level surfaces and make them parallel to an adjacent surface. This means that a router can aid a great deal in making accurate joints. It is often used after chiseling and sawing as the router does not excel at removing a bulk of wood but rather bringing a surface that is close to level to a smooth and accurate final depth.
Paul Sellers sometimes uses a router plane as an improvised marking gauge. By using the same tool he is ensuring that the final depth of cut is exact, it removes the possibility of the marking gauge and router being set differently.
Cutting Iron- In a router this is a foot-shaped steel blade. They come in different shapes and sizes
Fence- Connects to the underside, it can be double sided (square and rounded)
Types of Router Planes
- Metal Cast