Paul Sellers recommends a 12” (300mm) combination square as this should be suitable for almost all woodworking projects. He finds the try squares don’t remain accurately square as with the better quality combination square. When buying a square, look out for one with a cast iron head as the ones with aluminium heads tend…

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Checking the Square is Accurate-Step 1

To check if your square is accurate, you can use a piece of paper or card stock as, due to their manufacturing techniques, they are very accurately square. Put your square on the long side of the paper and draw down one side of the beam, either using a knife or a sharp pencil. Then…

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The set square is used to ensure the accuracy of layout lines and cuts made with other tools. It must always be accurate because otherwise subsequent work will result in lower levels of work quality.

Uses
The set square is one of the most important tools used in making furniture. It is used for marking out…

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Once you are confident your square is set up you align the head (stock) against the straight edge of the wood and use a pencil or a woodworker’s knife to mark the 45/90° angle. To move the head along the beam, turn the adjustment wheel to loosen the head, this enables it to be moved, when…

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This exercise will focus on using two registration faces to mark around your wood which will help when you need to crosscut wood to length, which requires an accurate knifewall on all faces to prevent tearout. It will also help you to understand how to mark around a piece of wood when defining a knifewall…

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Note: Before setting your hinges, if there is more than one, check them over to ensure there are no major discrepancies in sizing between the two. Whereas some hinges are made to tight tolerances, some are not, in which case the recesses must be customised to each specific hinge flap to guarantee a good fit.…

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…on the project you are working on)
Plane
Steel Rule
Winding Sticks (you can make them using this video or you can use the ‘poor mans’ version Paul uses in this guide)
Pencil
Square
Gauge

All stock must be trued before joinery to establish the registration faces required for accurate layout.

1. Sight down the wood to see if it is straight, hollowed…

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This angled cuts exercise will allow you to practice controlling the saw and the direction of cut
Equipment needed:
Wood
Pencil
Dovetail Template or Sliding Bevel and Square
Tenon Saw or Dovetail Saw
To view a video showing the sawing technique, click here.
Marking out using a dovetail template

Use a dovetail template to mark multiple angled lines across the end grain…

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For this, you will need: Wood Pencil Steel Rule Brace and Bit (the size of the required round rod diameter) or a 1-inch coin Sash Clamp Bench Plane Spokeshave (flat-bottomed) Card Scraper Abrasive Paper (150 grit)     1. Once you have cut your wood to a square section, you can use a coin to…

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Ensure all your boards have been trued and are square, to see how to do this, see our Truing Stock guide. For this you will need: PencilPlaneHandsaw#80 scraperAbrasive PaperGlueSash Clamps Lay the boards flat on a large surface such as the workbench top to decide their configuration. Then, put your boards together and align the…

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